IB Paper 2 - 8: Independence movements (1800-2000)
This theme focuses on the emergence of new states in the 19th and 20th centuries. It explores the origins and rise of independence movements, the reasons for their success, the challenges that new states faced in their first 10 years, and the responses to those challenges. Some examination questions will require students to make reference to two movements, each chosen from a different region. In order for students to be able to make meaningful comparisons across all aspects of the prescribed content, it is recommended that a minimum of three independence movements should be studied.
For the Matu we studied this topic in three sections which broadly corresponds to the way in which examination questions are set for Topic 8 in IB Paper 2.
Lesson 1 - What factors, both internal and external, encouraged decolonisation in Asia and Africa after 1945?
Lesson 2 - Three case studies in decolonisation: India (negotiated), Indo-China (violent) and the Congo (accelerated).
Lesson 3 - Three case studies in the consequences of decolonisation: India (negotiated), Indo-China (violent) and the Congo (accelerated).