Unit 3 - Roman Republic
Have a close look at the map of the Roman Republic. All the place names are in Latin, as the Romans would have called them. Most of the names are similar or even identical to the names we are familiar with today. This shows the long term influence of Rome and the Latin language. But there are some names that are very different to today.
See if you can find out what the Romans called: Cadiz, Lyon, Marseille, the Black Sea and the River Rhine. Do you know what the Romans called Nyon?
Rome's territories grew in size as a result of successful wars. But wars and conquests brought their own set of problems.
Recently the BBC produced a dramatic reconstruction of the life of Julius Caesar. (See left)
Watch the first 15 minutes of the film. This deals with Julius Caesar's military successes in Gaul and his decision to return to Rome to 'reform' the republic.
How accurate (reliable) do you think this film is likely to be?
Try to think of two reasons why it is likely to be quite accurate but also two reasons why it might not be completely accurate.
'On 15 March, 44 BC Caesar was due to speak to the Senate. Despite feeling so ill that morning that he almost could not attend, Caesar entered the Senate house at the time appointed. As was usual, all the senators rose to their feet as a mark of respect for their leader. While this was happening, Brutus and some other senators took up positions behind Caesar's chair, while others approached as if to greet him. Suddenly, a senator named Cimbar grabbed Caesar's robe, while Casca stabbed him in the neck. Most senators looked on in shock while the rest of the assassins suddenly produced knives from under their cloaks. The assassins surrounded Caesar. They pushed him this way and that and began to stab him furiously. Brutus, whom Caesar had loved as a son, stabbed him in the groin. The dying Caesar was then pushed against the statue of his old rival, Pompey, which was soon covered in blood. Caesar had received a total of twenty-three stab wounds.' Plutarch.