Unit 2 - Classical Greece
Many consider the western literary tradition to have begun with the epic poems of Homer (above), The Iliad and The Odyssey. A Greek playwright named Aeschylus (c. 525-456 BC) changed Western literature forever when he introduced the ideas of dialogue and interacting characters to playwriting. In doing so, he essentially invented "drama": Other great Greek playwrights were Sophocles (c. 496-406 B.C.), Euripides. (c. 480-406 B.C.) and Aristophanes (c. 448-380 B.C.)
Greek tragedies and comedies were always performed in outdoor theatres. (See Epidauros theatre left) The orchestra (literally, ‘dancing space’) was normally circular and would be where the chorus would perform. In the centre of the orchestra there was often a thymele, or altar. The theatron (literally, "viewing-place") is where the spectators sat. The theatron was usually part of hillside overlooking the orchestra, and often wrapped around a large portion of the orchestra.
Ancient Greece mathematics contributed many important developments to the field of mathematics, including the basic rules of geometry. The discoveries of several Greek mathematicians, including Pythagoras (570-490 BC see left), Euclid (c. 300 BC), and Archimedes (c. 287 c. 212 BC), are still used in mathematical teaching today.
The ancient Greeks also made important discoveries in the medical field. Hippocrates (460- 370 BC) was a doctor considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the ‘father of medicine’ and all modern doctors swear the Hippocratic Oath which governs their behaviour as doctors.